Question: What Does Shutdown Mean In Oil And Gas?

What is the meaning of shutdown project?

planned outagesShutdown projects, also known as turnarounds, planned outages or STOs are a distinctive and demanding type of project.

Stakes are high, as is pressure on the schedule and project team.

40% of shutdown projects experience a cost overrun or schedule delay of more than 30 %..

What is PPM maintenance?

PPM stands for Planned Preventive Maintenance, which is also called planned maintenance or scheduled maintenance. PPM maintenance is carried out on an asset (like a piece of equipment, a property, or an element of a property) on a regular basis.

How do you control a well kick?

Well-control proceduresOne-Circulation, or Wait-and-Weight, Method. After the kick is shut in, weight the mud to kill density and then pump out the kick fluid in one circulation using the kill mud. … Two-Circulation, or Driller’s, Method. … Concurrent Method.

What is shutdown maintenance?

Simply put, Shutdown Maintenance is maintenance that can only be performed while equipment is not in use. Shutting down machinery can be costly, but sometimes due to the nature of the defective part/machine, shutdown maintenance is the only viable maintenance procedure.

What is shutdown and turnaround?

A shutdown is simply a disruption in the refining process. A turnaround is a planned break in production so that maintenance may be performed. The effects of a shutdown or a turnaround can make a difference in the supply available to retail fuel outlets.

What’s a government shutdown?

A government shutdown occurs when Congress fails to fund the government. … During a government shutdown, the government stops all “non-essential” services, while essential services, such as the armed forces, border protection, air traffic controllers, and police and fire departments, will continue to operate.

What is a turnaround girl?

Dressed in particularly tight clothes, Juliana Morgan – the face of the infomercial – outlines exactly what EPCM-psi do. The glamorous presenter is very animated in her delivery and explains the process of a turnaround alongside some rather dull words that appear next to her on the screen.

What are the 4 types of maintenance?

Four general types of maintenance philosophies can be identified, namely corrective, preventive, risk-based and condition-based maintenance.

What is turnaround in oil and gas?

A turnaround – which is sometimes referred to as a TAR – is a highly-expensive planned period of regeneration in a plant or refinery. During this time, an entire part of the operation is offlined whilst plants are inspected and revamped.

How do you turn off an oil well?

To close a well, a special drilling rig is used to inject a thick mud at the well head to block the flow of oil and gas. This blocks the pores of the rock to a lesser degree, alters the pressure inside the well and inevitably complicates any attempt to resume production.

What is turnaround maintenance?

Turnaround Maintenance (TAM) is a scheduled and periodic shutdown (total or partial) of a plant that means the daily plant operations are completely stopped during the turnaround maintenance work.

What is maintenance schedule?

Scheduled maintenance is any task that is given a deadline and assigned to a technician. It can either be a recurring task done at regular intervals or a one-time task. … The primary goals of scheduled maintenance are to reduce reactive maintenance, equipment failure, and maintenance backlog.

What does a turnaround mean?

A turnaround is the financial recovery of a poorly performing company, economy, or individual. Turnarounds are important as they mark a period of improvement while bringing stability to an entity’s future.

What is post shutdown?

A shutdown is when they shutdown a unit in a refinery to perform maintenance of make changes to the unit. The post shutdown time is the period where operations is bringing the unit back into operations.

What does working a turnaround mean?

A turnaround is a scheduled period of non-production within the plant. That means that day-to-day operations cease completely during the duration of a turnaround and instead the focus shifts to maintenance related activities, cleaning, inspection, and repair.

What does tar stand for in oil and gas?

True Amplitude RecoveryTAR. True Amplitude Recovery. Oil, Gas, Oil Industry. Oil, Gas, Oil Industry.

Why do oil wells gush?

A blowout is the uncontrolled release of crude oil and/or natural gas from an oil well or gas well after pressure control systems have failed. Modern wells have blowout preventers intended to prevent such an occurrence. An accidental spark during a blowout can lead to a catastrophic oil or gas fire.

What does it mean to shut in an oil well?

In the petroleum industry, shutting-in is the implementation of a production cap set lower than the available output of a specific site. This may be part of an attempt to constrict the oil supply or a necessary precaution when crews are evacuated ahead of a natural disaster.